Chengcheng Shantou Kiln is one of the famous folk porcelain kiln in the history of Weinan, Shaanxi. It is an integral part of the history and culture of traditional Chinese porcelain. It is one of the famous kiln mouths in the Yellow River Basin in northern China. It has an extremely important inheritance to Yaozhou Kiln. It is a typical representative of folk kiln in the north. Today we will learn about the kiln fire Shantou kiln.
The ancient town of Shantou is located in the southwest of Chengcheng County. It is adjacent to the two counties of Baishui and Pucheng. Many old houses in the old town have been abandoned. Now it is renamed Shantou Village, and the locals call it 'Old Street'. Standing on the bank of the Xihe River, looking at the platform on the opposite side of the platform and the old town on the cliff slope, the abandoned porcelain on the shore of the cliff is piled up in the rubble of the loess, abandoned wreckage, staggered old porcelain kiln and refractory bricks. The enamel, porcelain and kiln slag are covered with hillsides, stretching from north to south. "The age of the ancient caves, the broken porcelain knows the prosperity", this ridiculously abandoned cave, a broken porcelain paved road, seems to tell people the vicissitudes and glory of Shantou's history.
In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the ceramic industry in Shantou Town developed to a prosperous stage. According to folk rumors, in the heyday, there were more than 100 kiln, with an annual output of more than 2.2 million ceramics, which not only occupied the markets of the counties in northern Fujian, but also exported to Shanxi, Gansu, Inner Mongolia, and northern Shaanxi.
Shantou Kiln mainly burns civil ceramics with local characteristics. The ancient kiln system is basically divided into four traditional kiln systems: bowl kiln, kiln, black kiln and sand kiln. Large and small caves are scattered all over the corners of Shantou. According to the investigation of Wenbao units, 68 workshops were found in Shantou Town, and 128 furnaces were found. The Daotou Kiln in Daoguang Period is the most complete preserved ancient kiln.