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千年窑火——走进澄城尧头窑

Chengcheng Shantou Kiln is one of the famous folk porcelain kiln in the history of Weinan, Shaanxi. It is an integral part of the history and culture of traditional Chinese porcelain. It is one of the famous kiln mouths in the Yellow River Basin in northern China. It has an extremely important inheritance to Yaozhou Kiln. It is a typical representative of folk kiln in the north. Today we will learn about the kiln fire Shantou kiln.

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The ancient town of Shantou is located in the southwest of Chengcheng County. It is adjacent to the two counties of Baishui and Pucheng. Many old houses in the old town have been abandoned. Now it is renamed Shantou Village, and the locals call it 'Old Street'. Standing on the bank of the Xihe River, looking at the platform on the opposite side of the platform and the old town on the cliff slope, the abandoned porcelain on the shore of the cliff is piled up in the rubble of the loess, abandoned wreckage, staggered old porcelain kiln and refractory bricks. The enamel, porcelain and kiln slag are covered with hillsides, stretching from north to south. "The age of the ancient caves, the broken porcelain knows the prosperity", this ridiculously abandoned cave, a broken porcelain paved road, seems to tell people the vicissitudes and glory of Shantou's history.

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In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the ceramic industry in Shantou Town developed to a prosperous stage. According to folk rumors, in the heyday, there were more than 100 kiln, with an annual output of more than 2.2 million ceramics, which not only occupied the markets of the counties in northern Fujian, but also exported to Shanxi, Gansu, Inner Mongolia, and northern Shaanxi.

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Shantou Kiln mainly burns civil ceramics with local characteristics. The ancient kiln system is basically divided into four traditional kiln systems: bowl kiln, kiln, black kiln and sand kiln. Large and small caves are scattered all over the corners of Shantou. According to the investigation of Wenbao units, 68 workshops were found in Shantou Town, and 128 furnaces were found. The Daotou Kiln in Daoguang Period is the most complete preserved ancient kiln.

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xx通过窑顶的岁月,我们可以品尝到丰富多彩的窑炉规模。我们似乎已经看到了这里的繁荣。清末民初,由于战争和苦难的影响,汕头的陶瓷产业有所下降。但如今,汕头仍然在火中奄奄一息。在汕头,还有一群老艺术家在等待周铁怀。

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国家级非物质文化遗产继承人周铁怀,曾祖父,祖父,父亲均为汕头陶瓷知名工匠。在他父亲的影响下,周铁怀从小就喜欢制陶的工艺。小件黑色瓷器精致细腻,大件精致独特。它们独一无二,深受陶瓷爱好者的欢迎。

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在汕头,祖先传承下来的古老瓷器烧制技术仍然保留下来。汕头陶瓷以其古朴的风格,独特的民俗文化和浓郁的泥泞气息而闻名。

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近年来,随着党和政府对非物质文化遗产的重视,澄城窑陶瓷烧成技术已列入国家保护范围。县委,县政府高度重视汕头窑的发掘,保护和传承,建立组织,拨出资金保护古窑遗址和古民居不被破坏,鼓励老艺术家恢复生产,并建立瓷器,旅游和实习。基地等,这里的民间窑洞非常别致。

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作为历史上着名的民间瓷窑,澄城汕头粗陶具有历史的辉煌,在舞台上闪耀,被时间遗忘,失去昔日风格,但正是因为古老艺术家的坚持和坚持,汕头古代瓷器的工艺传承下来,重生,我们相信,在各级政府部门和社会的广泛关注下,城头汕头窑的火灾将越来越繁荣,燃烧起来。越红。

资料来源:闽南广播电视台《走进渭南》栏目